1981 - Volume #5, Issue #4, Page #18[ Sample Stories From This Issue | List of All Stories In This Issue | Print this story | Read this issue]
Business Booming For Missouri Frog Farmer
"When I was about 18, I decided I was going to raise frogs," says Salbaugh, of Poplar Grove, Mo. "I wrote to everyone that I could think of for information on getting started and was told that raising frogs commercially couldn't be done."
Today, after 16 years of successfully raising frogs by trial and error, Slabaugh has developed a system so successful that he has licensed and sells his process, and a special feed formula to anyone interested in getting into the frog farming business.
Why would anyone want to raise frogs?
"There is an ever increasing demand for bullfrogs in high school and college biology classes, for laboratory experiments and for restaurants, supermarkets and other food outlets," Slabaugh points out.
Laboratory and experiment frogs generally bring $3 to $5 per frog for a 4 to 5 in. specimen. At Slabaugh's farm, dressed frogs bring $2.50 to $4.50 per pound. "Most of our frogs grow to be 1 to 2 lbs.," Slabaugh notes.
His frogs are a special domesticated breed called Newfoundland Giants. They were developed from wild frogs in Louisiana and California, but they grow faster and larger than wild bullfrogs. Slabaugh says they adapt easily to any climate where wild bullfrogs survive.
While it may take wild frogs two years to progress from egg state to breeding age, Slabaugh says his method cuts the time to just 3 or 4 months. "I've also cut the time required to reach maximum size from four years in the wild to two years with this system," Slabaugh told FARM SHOW.
He licenses and sells the "secrets" of his production system. He notes that the pond construction is one of the crucial steps in a successful operation.
Says Slabaugh: "We have found that U-shaped canal-type ditches work best for us. The canals need to be about 15 ft. wide with about 15 ft. of bank between them. They should be about 4 to 5 ft. deep so there will be enough mud in the bottom for the frogs and tadpoles to hibernate over the winter."
A strong, solid fence is needed to keep out predators. Slabaugh recommends using galvanized steel or fiberglass roofing panels. He says several thousand frogs could be raised on just one or two acres.
A key to Slabaugh's system is the special feeding formula he has developed. Frogs are normally insect-eaters, but Slabaugh says it would be impractical, if not impossible, to grow forgs commercially with insects for food. He says his formula can be mixed on the farm from commonly available ingredients. It takes just a few hours a day for him to feed and check his frogs.
Slabaugh licenses his system for $1,800 to interested people willing to sign an agreement not to divulge or sell the formula to anyone. "It takes about four hours to learn the nitty-gritty parts of the system. We also welcome visitors to call ahead and just look over our operation," Slabaugh notes.
One grower who tried Slabaugh's process had several problems in three years and called it quits. Scott Stifal, of Casey, Ill., says he lost his first two frog crops to severe winter weather and his last batch died from bacterial infection.
Slabaugh helps troubleshoot any problems that arise. He says the bacterial problem, redleg disease, is ususally a result of poorly constructed ponds. "I know the system works because I've been at it for 16 years now," he notes.
Tadpoles sell for $95 per thousand, and a pair of breeder bullfrogs for $35.
For more details, contact: FARM SHOW Followup, Slabaugh Frog Farm, Route 3, Box 59, Poplar Bluff, MO 63901 (ph 314 785-7517).
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